Do you have trouble with commitment? Trusting others? Opening up? Learning about your attachment style could help you overcome those things you're so afraid of.
From a young age, we try to figure out how we fit into our social circles. Based on how our parents or caregivers treated us, we figured out how to interact with people and develop what is called an "attachment style." Your personal attachment style will affect how much you trust and how well you interact with your family members, your romantic partners, and your kids.
Understanding what attachment style you have will help you understand your relationship difficulties and give you a springboard to change. The healthiest relationships are built when both individuals feel a secure attachment to one another.
Secure attachmentIf you have a secure attachment style, you'll seek out stable relationships and feel safe opening up emotionally. You'll also feel comfortable asking for what you need. Secure adults will be able to reach out to their romantic partner in times of need but also attend to the needs of their partner.
Anxious attachmentIf you have an anxious attachment style, you'll desire closeness but may not feel as though you are ever able to get close enough. You'll end up questioning yourself a lot, wondering if your romantic partner really loves you, and you'll regularly seek out validation. If you have an anxious attachment, you might end up seeming clingy and do things that push your partner away.
Dismissive attachmentIf you have a dismissive attachment style, you tend to distance yourself from people. When confronted with conflict, you'll emotionally shut down and choose not show your emotions. If you have a dismissive attachment, you may feel isolated from yourself and others.
Fearful-avoidant attachmentIf you have a fearful-avoidant attachment, you may have grown up in a home where you detached from your feelings because of trauma. While you will desire connections with others, once the relationships become emotionally involved, your past trauma may affect how you see the relationship. If you have a fearful-avoidant attachment, you may have very rocky relationships and fear being abandoned – but also fear being close.
How do I develop a secure attachment style?Now don't get too discouraged if you're not happy with your personal attachment style. Good news is that you can develop a secure attachment style.
- Start taking note of when your behaviors are anxious, dismissive, or avoidant
- Think about how you feel and what you need
- Try to express your feelings and needs to someone close to you
- Model your behavior off someone with a secure attachment style
- Work with a therapist to help you change your attachment style